Treaty of 1837

//Treaty of 1837

Treaty of 1837

Article 1 The said Chippewa nation cede to the United States all that tract of country included within the following boundaries: (Description omitted.)

Article 2 In consideration of the cession aforesaid, the United States agree to make to the Chippewa nation, annually, for the term of twenty years, from the date of the ratification of this treaty, the following payments.

1. Nine thousand five hundred dollars, to be paid in money.

2. Nineteen thousand dollars, to be delivered in goods.

3. Three thousand dollars for establishing three blacksmith shops, supporting the blacksmiths, and furnishing them with iron and steel.

4. One thousand dollars for farmers, and for supplying them and the Indians, wih implements of labor, with grain or seed: and whatever else may be necessary to enable them to carry on their agricultural pursuits.

5. Two thousand dollars in provisions.

6. Five hundred dollars in tobacco.

The provisions and tobacco to be delivered at the same time with the goods, and the money to be paid: which time or times, as well as the place or places where they are to be delivered, shall be fixed upon under the direction of the President of the United States.

The blacksmiths shops to be placed at such points in the Chippewa country as shall be designated by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, or under his direction.

If at the expiration of one or more years the Indians should prefer to receive goods, instead of the nine thousand dollars agreed to be paid to them in money, they shall be at liberty to do so. Or, should they conclude to appropriate a portion of that annuity to the establishment and support of a local school or schools among them, this shall be granted them.

Article 3 The sum of one hundred thousand dollars shall be paid by the United States, to the half-breeds of the Chippewa nation, under the direction of the President. It is the wish of the Indians that their two sub-agents Daniel P. Bushnell, and Miles M. Vineyard, superintend the distribution of this money among their half-breed relations.

Article 4 The sum of seventy thousand dollars shall be applied to the payment, by the United States, of certain claims against the Indians; of which amount twenty-eight thousand dollars shall, at their request, be paid to William A. Aitkin, twenty-five thousand to Lyman M. Warren, and the balance applied to the liquidation of other just demands against them – which they acknowledge to be the case with regard to that presented by Hercules L. Dousman, for the sum of five thousand dollars; and they request that it be paid.

Article 5 The privilege of hunting, fishing, and gathering the wild rice, upon the lands, the rivers and the lakes included in the territory ceded, is guaranteed to the Indians, during the pleasure of the President of the United States.

Article 6 This treaty shall be obligatory from and after its ratification by the President and the Senate of the United States.

Done at St. Peters in the Territory of Wisconsin the twenty-ninth day of July, eighteen hundred and thirty-seven.

Henry Dodge, Commissioner.

(To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.)
From Leech Lake:
Aish-ke-bo-ge-koshe, or Flat Mouth,
R-che-o-sau-ya, or the Elder Brother. Chiefs.
Pe-zhe-kins, the Young Buffalo,
Ma-ghe-ga-bo, or La Trappe,
O-be-gwa-dans, the Chief of the Earth,
Wa-bose, or the Rabbit,
Che-a-na-quod, or the Big Cloud. Warriors.
From Gull Lake and Swan River
Pa-goo-na-kee-zhig, or the Hole in the Day,
Songa-ko-mig, or the Strong Ground. Chiefs.
Wa-boo-jig, or the White Fisher,
Ma-cou-da, or the Bear’s Heart. Warriors.
From St. Croix River:
Pe-zhe-ke, or the Buffalo,
Ka-be-ma-be, or the Wet Month. Chiefs.
Pa-ga-we-we-wetung, Coming Home Hollowing,
Ya-banse, or the Young Buck,
Kis-ke-ta-wak, or the Cut Ear. Warriors.
From Lake Courteoville:
Pa-qua-a-mo, or the Wood Pecker. Chief.
From Lac De Flambeau:
Pish-ka-ga-ghe, or the White Crow,
Na-wa-ge-wa, or the Knee,
O-ge-ma-ga, or the Dandy,
Pa-se-quam-jis, or the Commissioner
Wa-be-ne-me, or the White Thunder. Chiefs.
From La Pointe, (on Lake Superior):
Pe-zhe-ke, or the Buffalo,
Ta-qua-ga-na, or Two Lodges Meeting,
Cha-che-que-o. Chiefs.
From Mille Lac:
Wa-shask-ko-kone, or Rats Liver,
Wen-ghe-ge-she-guk, or the First Day. Chiefs.
Ada-we-ge-shik, or Both Ends of the Sky,
Ka-ka-quap, or the Sparrow. Warriors.
From Sandy Lake:
Ka-nan-da-wa-win-zo, or Le Brocheux,
We-we-shan-shis, the Bad Boy, or Big Mouth,
Ke-che-wa-me-te-go, or the Big Frenchman. Chiefs.
Na-ta-me-ga-bo, the Man that Stands First
Sa-ga-ta-gun, or Spunk. Warriors.
From Snake River:
Naudin, or the Wind,
Sha-go-bai, or the Little Six,
Pay-ajik, or the Lone Man,
Na-qua-na-bie, or the Feather. Chiefs.
Wa-me-te-go-zhins, the Little Frenchman,
Sho-ne-a, or Silver. Warriors.
From Fond du Lac, (on Lake Superior):
Mang-go-sit, or the Loons Foot,
Shing-go-be, or the Spruce. Chiefs.
From Red Cedar Lake:
Mont-so-mo, or the Murdering Yell.
From Red Lake:
Francois Goumean: (a half breed).
From Leech Lake:
Sha-wa-ghe-zhig, or the Sounding Sky,
Wa-zau-ko-ni-a, or Yellow Robe. Warriors.
Signed in presence of-
Verplanck Van Antwerp, Secretary to
the Commissioner.
M. M. Vineyard, U. S. Sub-Indian Agent.
Danlel P. Bushnell.
Law. Taliaferro, Indian Agent at St. Peters.
Martin Scott, Captain, Fifth Regiment Infantry.
J. Emerson, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. Army
H. H. Sibley.
H. L. Dousman.
S. C. Stambaugh.
E. Lockwood.
Lyman M. Warren.
J. N. Nicollet.
Harmen Van Antwerp.
Wm. H. Forbes.
Jean Baptiste Dubay, Interpreter.
Peter Quinn, Interpreter.
S. Campbell, U. S. Interpreter.
Stephen Bonga, Interpreter.
Wm. W Coriell.

By |2018-12-11T07:47:29-05:00November 27th, 2013|Categories: Articles|Tags: |22 Comments

About the Author:


  1. gamefly free trial May 29, 2019 at 9:29 pm

    Good web site you have here.. It’s difficult to find good quality writing like yours these days.
    I seriously appreciate people like you! Take care!!

  2. gamefly free trial May 31, 2019 at 6:45 pm

    Hello my loved one! I wish to say that this post is awesome, great written and include approximately all important infos.
    I’d like to look extra posts like this .

  3. gamefly free trial May 31, 2019 at 10:35 pm

    I take pleasure in, lead to I discovered exactly what
    I was having a look for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt!
    God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

  4. gamefly free trial June 1, 2019 at 11:19 pm

    I’m not sure exactly why but this website is loading very slow for me.

    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  5. gamefly free trial June 3, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    It’s not my first time to go to see this web
    page, i am browsing this web site dailly and get pleasant facts from here everyday.

  6. gamefly free trial June 5, 2019 at 11:17 am

    Very rapidly this web site will be famous amid all blog viewers, due to it’s good

  7. gamefly free trial June 6, 2019 at 6:26 am

    Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this blog post. It was funny.

    Keep on posting!

  8. gamefly free trial June 6, 2019 at 12:29 pm

    I love it when individuals come together and share ideas.

    Great blog, continue the good work!

  9. gamefly free trial June 7, 2019 at 2:59 pm

    I do not even know how I stopped up right here, but I assumed
    this put up was once good. I do not know who you’re however certainly you’re going to a well-known blogger should you aren’t
    already. Cheers!

  10. ps4 best games ever made 2019 June 11, 2019 at 8:13 pm

    Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared
    to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that they plainly don’t know about.

    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well
    as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people
    can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  11. playstation 4 best games ever made 2019 June 12, 2019 at 3:36 am

    Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog.

    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s tough to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and appearance.

    I must say that you’ve done a excellent job with this. Also, the blog loads very fast for me on Internet explorer.
    Outstanding Blog!

  12. June 17, 2019 at 4:38 am

    Hi, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i came
    to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to
    enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  13. plenty of fish dating site June 22, 2019 at 1:46 am

    This is very fascinating, You’re a very skilled
    blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look ahead to in the hunt for more of your magnificent post.
    Additionally, I’ve shared your website in my social networks

  14. how to get help in windows 10 June 28, 2019 at 4:06 pm

    bookmarked!!, I really like your blog!

  15. July 1, 2019 at 6:23 am

    Simply wish to say your article is as astonishing. The clarity on your publish is simply spectacular and i can think you are an expert on this subject.

    Well with your permission allow me to seize your feed to keep up
    to date with drawing close post. Thanks one million and
    please continue the gratifying work.

  16. plenty of fish dating site July 15, 2019 at 8:08 am

    What’s up to all, it’s genuinely a nice for me to pay a visit this web site, it consists of important Information.

  17. how to get help in windows 10 July 16, 2019 at 11:15 am

    I am really loving the theme/design of your blog.
    Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility problems?
    A couple of my blog visitors have complained about my website not operating
    correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome.
    Do you have any solutions to help fix this problem?

  18. how to get help in windows 10 July 17, 2019 at 9:31 pm

    Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice whilst you amend
    your website, how can i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal.
    I had been tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast provided shiny transparent concept

  19. plenty of fish dating site July 18, 2019 at 5:40 pm

    Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This
    is a really well written article. I’ll make sure to
    bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post.

    I will certainly comeback.

  20. plenty of fish dating site July 19, 2019 at 6:50 pm

    I like it when people come together and share opinions.
    Great site, continue the good work!

  21. how to get help in windows 10 July 20, 2019 at 3:01 am

    Hi, i think that i saw you visited my site so i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use a few of
    your ideas!!

  22. how to get help in windows 10 July 22, 2019 at 12:17 am

    Excellent weblog right here! Additionally your
    site quite a bit up fast! What web host are you the usage of?
    Can I get your affiliate hyperlink on your host? I desire my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

Leave A Comment

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.

This Is A Custom Widget

This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. Its perfect for grabbing the attention of your viewers. Choose between 1, 2, 3 or 4 columns, set the background color, widget divider color, activate transparency, a top border or fully disable it on desktop and mobile.